In Italy, biodiversity in farming is very important. The idea of the “guardian farmer” as someone who cultivates, preserves, and protects heirloom varieties of fruit, vegetables and grains is still going strong here. Very often it’s an inherited job, with a farmer’s ancestors already engaged in the same efforts.
One becomes a guardian farmer out of love for nature, to preserve the environment and the ecosystem, and prevent over-cultivation. The regional law of Basilicata even institutionalises the role of the guardian farmer, and there are numerous guardian farmers active in the territory of the Pollino National Park.
More information: Alsia